There are dozens, maybe hundreds of ways to make coffee. From the latest thing to ancient methods, each style provides you with a different flavor and texture of coffee. Below a short review of the different types of coffee makers available in the US.
This is the latest technology. The machine heats water and pushes it thorough a small cup. The cup contains a single serving of coffee suspended in a filter. The coffee that you receive is simply drip coffee. Perhaps the biggest difference for users is that, since they have it one cup at a time, it is fresher than if they brewed a whole pot.
Drip Coffee Maker
For many years, this has been the standard. A full pot of coffee is placed in a filter and hot water is run through it to make the coffee. The coffee is fine, but it tends to lose its subtle nuances quickly. The large surface exposed to air and the time between the first drip and the completion of the coffee allows the aromatics to evaporate. It has the advantage that it can make a great deal of coffee at a time.
This method runs water over coffee multiple times. Using some basic physics, boiling water is pushed up a small tube and washes over coffee dozens of times. The coffee that results tends to be fuller bodied and richer than a drip coffee maker. Percolators are making a comeback with good reason.
A French press can be an excellent way to make a rich, clean coffee. Boiling water is poured into a small pot and lid with a screen is placed on top. After a few minutes, the plunger is depressed, pushing the coffee grounds to the bottom. While the coffee tends to cool quickly (it doesn’t have its own heat source), this allows the aromatics from the coffee remain in the beverage, instead of evaporating. The result is nuanced coffee, rich in subtle flavors.
This is a stove-top coffee maker the uses a steam pressure chamber to push boiling water through coffee. It was invented in 1933 for the Bialetti Corporation. Today, it is easy to find and relatively inexpensive. This is a great way to make an espresso-like coffee without needing an expensive espresso maker.
An espresso machine forces steam through an intensely roasted, ultra-finely ground coffee. The result is a beverage that is very dense and intense in flavor. It provides a big flavor in a very small quantity. The average espresso is only two ounces or so. Traditionally served with a lemon twist and a sugar cube, espresso is a cult favorite for coffee lovers, but leaves many people cringing at its bitterness. Espresso is the basis of the large, sugary drink that many coffee shops sell today. Very often, one can’t taste the espresso in the drink because of all of the other ingredients.
Turkish Long Handled Pot
In an early blog we talk about the Turkish/Arabic style of coffee. It involves boiling coffee with spices until you have a rich and flavorful blend. This is an extremely early method of making coffee that is still in use around the world today. Western society, always in a hurry and results-oriented, rarely takes the time to make their coffee this way, but it something one should do at least once per week.